Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR)

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What is DVIR?

A Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR) is a formal report which confirms that a driver has completed an inspection on a commercial motor vehicle. Drivers must complete pre-trip and post-trip inspections and detail any mechanical defects they encounter. These inspections play an important part in improving road safety while ensuring fleet compliance.

Why is DVIR needed?

DVIRs are enforced by authorities in the U.S. with the aim of increasing safety by reducing the number of collisions, injuries and fatalities involving commercial vehicles. An Electronic DVIR helps improve road safety by enforcing vehicle inspections before and after every trip.

Penalties for not completing an inspection

Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program (MCSAP) Inspectors are responsible for completing roadside inspections on commercial motor vehicles and drivers. Noncompliance to DVIR regulations may result in fines given at the discretion of the Department of Transportation (DOT) officer. Vehicles which are deemed unsafe during a roadside inspection will be out of commission effective immediately. This unplanned downtime could create a loss in revenue to the carrier.

What does a vehicle inspection include?

The following regulations under section §396.11 must be included in vehicle inspection reports:

  • Brakes and air system
  • Steering mechanism
  • Lights and reflectors
  • Tires, wheels, and rims
  • Windshield wipers
  • Rear view mirrors
  • Coupling equipment and fifth wheelss
  • Safety and emergency equipment

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